Learn 4 Types of Sentences in Academic Writing With Examples

Written by

Nova Allison

7 mins read
types of sentences

Every day, we use various sentences to communicate our thoughts and feelings. However, there are many types in the English language with their own purposes or functions. But these all sentences serve one goal, get your message across clearly so that you can make an impact on others around you!

To write a great essay, you need a clear understanding of the different types of sentences. Knowing how to use each one will help make your essay writing process smooth.

Sentences can be categorized into four different types of sentences structure:

  • Simple sentence structure
  • Compound sentence structure
  • Complex sentence structure
  • Compound-complex sentence structure

The use of simple or compound sentences is dependent on what you are trying to say.

In contrast, complex and compound-complex sentences serve as dialogue tags that signal changes in thought or emotional reaction to what is being said.

Every sentence has a unique structure and function. Understanding the four types of sentences is essential for every academic writing. You must know how they're organized or structured differently from each other.

This blog will focus on these variations with their own special features to help you become a more effective writer.

What is a Sentence?

A sentence is a combination of words that is used to express an idea by asking questions, giving statements, or exclaiming. It is a tool for communication and can be used in many different ways to convey meaning and add clarity.

A sentence is most commonly known as one of the fundamental building blocks of all writing.

In simple terms, a sentence is a set of words that carry two elements:

  • A subject
  • A predicate

The subject of a sentence is what it's about or how something was said. The predicate tells more about the topic and shows this in an interesting way. Every sentence should have at least a subject and a verb.

A sentence is made up of one or more subjects and verbs. A subject tells what the sentence's about, while a predicate shows the topic in an interesting way with words like ‘was’ or ‘tell.’

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4 Types of Sentences

What are the 4 types of sentences?

We all have our own way of saying what we want. There are four different types of sentences in English that convey the meaning depending on their purpose.

  1. 1. Declarative Sentence
  2. The most commonly used type of sentence is declarative. These sentences are often made to affirm or express an opinion and always end with a period in the end. It could have one-liners that use simple structures for their constructions and more complex ones where connectors come into play.

    In these types of sentences, mostly active voice is used.


    • I want to be a chef.
    • My husband loves eating cookies in the morning.
    • My daughter is a volleyball champion.
    • We own a dog.
    • Italian food is usually based on spaghetti and meatballs.
    • Students do not work hard, and this is why they often fail.
    • I love to have desserts at breakfast.
    • The United States has fifty states.
    • The dog chased the boy.
    • My sister loves to run, but my brother prefers to walk.
    • The dog is sleeping on the couch.
    • London is the capital of England.
    • She wears black nail polish.
    • My friend is really a good singer.
    • I love cupcakes.
  3. 2. Interrogative Sentence
  4. The use of interrogative sentences is to ask questions. They start with the word ‘why’ or 'how,' and end with a question mark.

    These sentences can use a simple and compound-complex structure to express the idea, having both independent clauses and dependent clauses.


    • Can I borrow your chemistry book for a day?
    • What time will you finish your homework?
    • What is your favorite pizza topping?
    • Do you like coffee?
    • Have you watched the movie?
    • Why did she arrive late?
    • Do you know that Niagara Falls is in Canada?
    • What is your name?
    • Can you tell me the address to Taksim Square?
    • Did you do your tasks for the day?
    • Do you know that excessive carbohydrates are one of the main reasons for a heart attack?
    • Where is your new dog?
    • Why is the sky blue?
    • Whose cat is that?
    • To whom shall I give the test results?
  5. 3. Imperative Sentence
  6. Imperative sentences tell someone to do something by issuing an instruction, and they always end with a full stop, period, and an exclamation point.


    • Have a cup of coffee.
    • Consider the pink dress.
    • Please stop!
    • Shut the door now!
    • Get out!
    • Stop shouting!
    • Please do not make noise.
    • Don’t try to be rude to me.
    • Please have a seat.
    • Don't stay out at night.
    • Bring me a glass of water.
    • Please grant me a loan.
    • Please be quiet.
    • Pass the salt.
    • Don’t ever call me a cheater.
  7. 4. Exclamatory Sentence
  8. An exclamative sentence is a sentence that expresses strong emotions and excitement! This type of speech ends with an exclamation mark, and it's a perfect way for expressing your strong feelings or emotions.


    • You are such a liar!
    • Wow, he won the lottery!
    • Happy birthday, Love!
    • Such an overwhelming experience!
    • That popcorn is not for you!
    • Let’s see how fast you run!
    • What a great movie!
    • What a huge dog you have!
    • The sun is so bright today!
    • I got concert tickets!
    • What a cute puppy!
    • He is going to hit his head!
    • That birthday cake was so good!
    • He is such a kind soul!
    • What a thug he is!

    No matter what kind of sentence you are making, you must start it with a good topic sentence. Before this, you must know what is a topic sentence and how to use it effectively.

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Using a Different Kind of Sentences in Your Writing

Here are some different types of sentences that can be used in your writing to make it more interesting. They're useful for both direct and indirect speech.

  • Declarative Sentence: When you are unsure of what to write, these sentences can provide direction and purpose for your writing. They will work in any subject but especially formal essays or creative pieces. These declarative sentences will show the reader how topics are related to one another.
  • Imperative Sentence: ‘You should listen to me!’ is an effective way to get someone's attention and make them do what you want. It would be like issuing a command or instruction in the form 'you,' but with more certainty that they will follow.
  • Exclamatory Sentence: What a great way to catch your reader's attention! This exclamatory sentence type will make them feel like they are right there with you. People are more likely to engage with your work when they experience emotions alongside you.
  • Interrogative Sentence: This type of sentence is used to avoid miscommunication and directly respond to the person.

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Tips to Choose the Right Type of Sentence

Finding the right type of sentence for your writing style is imperative. Using a variety of sentence types will help you create more interesting content, and it all depends on what message or idea you're trying to convey:

  • A declarative sentence is a great way to answer questions and share your point of view.
  • An imperative sentence is used to give orders or instructions to someone.
  • An interrogative sentence is used to ask direct questions.
  • An exclamatory sentence is when the writer tries to make their point with an increase in emotion.
  • Use auxiliary verbs in a sentence; it helps to set different moods or voices.

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Types of Sentences Exercises

Here is a list of types of sentence examples with answers. Can you distinguish which one?

  • Take the next exit on your right.
  • I like climbing.
  • What time does the concert start?
  • Wait for me!
  • John likes Mary. declarative
  • What a funny story he told us!
  • Stop! Close the door.
  • Did you put away your clothes as I asked you to?
  • The coffee shop isn’t open on Sundays.
  • The trip was amazing!


  • Imperative
  • Declarative
  • Interrogative
  • Exclamatory
  • Declarative
  • Exclamatory
  • Imperative
  • Interrogative
  • Declarative
  • Exclamatory

Hopefully, this guide will help you become more confident in your academic writing skills. And this knowledge of the different types of sentences with examples can give insight into how they function as well!

So, try out some variety! Writing can be a dry and boring task if we don’t spice it up with variety.

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