Learn How to Write a Research Proposal with an Easy Guide

Written by

Katy Grace

9 mins read
research proposal

If you're a student, you may be required to write a research proposal at some point. A research proposal is a document that describes in detail what you plan to do in your research project. It serves as an outline of your project and can be used to get feedback from your professors or peers.

If you're not sure how to write a research proposal, don't worry – we've got you covered! In this blog post, we'll provide an easy guide on how to write a research proposal. With our expert tips, you're guaranteed to produce a top-notch proposal.

So read on for all the information you need.

What is a Research Proposal?

A research proposal is a concise summary of the entire study and what you will find out. It includes an explanation for why it's important, and how previous work has helped shape this new endeavor into something even more valuable than before.

Remember that an engaging proposal reflects your subjectivity. To persuade the audience, you will also explain what makes this study significant and how it can help them here in their lives or work situation!

Purpose of a Research Proposal

The primary goals of creating a research proposal are listed below.

  • It analyzes the data to solve the research problem.
  • Students receive approval for their thesis and dissertation plans.
  • It demonstrates the writer's in-depth knowledge of a specific field.
  • It persuades the audience of the significance of a research study.
  • It also makes a case for your data collection methodology in your research.
  • It also identifies the logical steps that must be taken to achieve the objectives.
  • It improves critical and research skills.

How Long is a Research Proposal?

A proposal is a simple document that should be no more than five pages in length. It's intended for writing a bachelor or master thesis and must adhere strictly to university guidelines.

However, due to the complexity of developing research strategies, the average length of a Ph.D. dissertation proposal is 10-15 pages.

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How to Write a Research Proposal?

To write a research proposal, a writer must answer the following questions.

  • What do you intend to achieve?
  • Explain how you’re going to contribute to a particular research field. Also, be concise and clear when defining the research problem.

  • Why do you want to carry out the research?
  • The most important question in research proposals is why you're doing it. Be specific and answer this for your project so that the readers can better understand why you’re doing it.

    This paper will guide you through a literature review and provide convincing evidence to explain the topic's contribution.

  • How are you going to do it?
  • Explain to your readers what techniques and methods you will utilize to carry out the research. Similarly, explain why you are the best person to conduct this research.

    However, never make the mistake of proposing an impractical solution.

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Research Proposal Format

The steps of the research proposal format are discussed in detail below.

Title Page

A title page is the first section of a research proposal and contains the following information:

  • Research paper main title
  • Name of the student
  • Name of the supervisor
  • The university and department

Abstract and Table of Contents

The proposal abstract should be brief, but it's important for your research paper to answer all of the questions in this section. Ensure that you include enough detail, with no unanswered queries or implications. It should not be longer than 250 words.

A well-organized table of contents will make it easier for readers to navigate your document. This can be especially important if you're trying to tackle a big topic in one essay, which means there needs some organization and structure from the beginning until the end!


It's important to think about the structure of your research paper before you start writing. It will help with organization and headings for each section, making it easier for yourself!

Research Paper Introduction

The introduction should be brief and catchy to capture the reader’s attention. It must include the elements listed below.

  • An intro of a topic
  • A research problem discussion
  • A background of a topic
  • A methodology that is analyzing the research problem
  • The research importance
  • The research’s future course of action.

Background and Significance

The background and significance section describes the specific context of your research project. This can be combined with an introduction or made into a separate document if it is lengthy, but ensure that this information does not repeat what was said in earlier parts!

You should always mention who you're writing for when starting an introduction. This way, readers know why they need to keep going and what's in store later on down the line!

While writing a background and significance section, emphasize the following key points.

  • Mention the study's rationale and why it is worthwhile to pursue.
  • Define the research's boundaries clearly.
  • Declare the issue and provide a thorough explanation.
  • Provide definitions of key terms or concepts for easy comprehension.
  • Identify the key issues addressed by the research.
  • Explain your chosen research methodology and the sources you intend to use.

Literature Review

An extensive literature review is an important research tool. It's a thorough examination of sources relevant to your topic that seek out new information and contribute to existing knowledge.

This section is usually difficult because it contains a lot of information. A literature review is a persuasive tool that seeks to convince readers of its value and significance in the field.

Here are the five C's of a literature review.

  1. Cite
  2. Contrast
  3. Compare
  4. Connect
  5. Critique

Research Design and Methods

You should demonstrate that your chosen methodology is the most relevant and practical approach for answering questions.

Be specific and avoid using multiple methods in your work, as it can confuse your reader.

The table below will assist you in identifying the methodology in a research proposal.

Research Type
  • Is it qualitative or quantitative research?
  • Which sources are you using (primary or secondary)?
  • Research design (descriptive, correlational, and experimental)?
  • How will you choose your sources? (case studies, random sampling, etc.)
  • Where will you collect the data?
  • When will you collect it?
Research Methods
  • What procedures and tools will be used to collect and analyze the information? (surveys, observations, interviews, experiments)
  • What is the time required to collect the data?
  • How to access participants and sources?
  • Are there any challenges and obstacles? How will you deal with them?


Hypotheses are a vital step in any research project because they establish clear goals for researchers and assist other readers who want to understand what you're studying.

If you want to conduct efficient research, your hypotheses must be easy and followable.

  • What are your research outcome into the theoretical framework and underlying assumptions?
  • What suggestions are derived from the research findings?
  • Are outcomes contribute to social and economic problems?
  • How can research help individuals or groups?
  • How will the study's findings be put into action in the future?


To get a clear picture of the significance and future implications, this section assesses how well your results address key questions with other studies.

This section assesses the significance of your findings of research problems. It also looks at innovative ideas for future studies that could be conducted with these results and lists any limitations you might note while examining them thoroughly.

Research Paper Conclusion

The conclusion of the research study provides an overview and summary of what has been done. It also discusses important outcomes from your proposals, such as significance or importance.

Furthermore, this section should be one to two paragraphs long and emphasize why you need to conduct the research study.

  • What is the relationship between the research and hypothesis?
  • How will it contribute to existing knowledge?
  • How will it benefit other scholars?
  • What are the chances of future implications?


The work cited list should include complete publication information and proper citations for all sources used. Similarly, the referencing section will increase your credibility as a researcher!

There are two types of citations in a standard paper proposal.

References - List only the sources cited in the proposal.

Bibliography - List the sources you used, as well as any additional citations you studied to conduct your research.

Always use the citation formats specified by your professors. It supports APA, MLA, and Chicago citation styles.

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Research Proposal Examples

For a better understanding, review the sample research proposal.

APA Research Proposal (PDF)

APA Research Proposal

Research Proposal Example (PDF)

Research Proposal Example

Research Proposal Sample (PDF)

Research Proposal Sample

Research Proposal Template (PDF)

Research Proposal Template

Research Proposal on Covid 19 (PDF)

Research Proposal on Covid 19

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Research Proposal Topics

Below is a list of interesting and easy research proposal topics.

  • The impact of AIDS on mankind
  • Discuss political issues in the Middle East.
  • Can overpopulation be managed?
  • An easy guideline for property rights.
  • How to avoid animal testing?
  • How can we stop corporate abuse?
  • Should steroids be legalized?
  • The relation between obesity and watching TV.
  • Mechanisms of aggravating habits
  • The origin of racial discrimination

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Research Proposal Writing Tips

To write a perfect research proposal, use the writing tips listed below.

  • Allow plenty of time to write your proposal, and do not rush. This can be a tough task, but if you take it slow with care in every word, then success will surely follow!
  • Carefully consider your proposal's appearance and content when writing it. Make sure that you are clear, concise, and persuasive to get the attention of those who will read many proposals.
  • It is important to be clear about what you are researching and why. The clearer your questions, the better your chance of finding answers.
  • To avoid any risk of plagiarism, you must acknowledge the authors when using their work in your proposal. Paraphrase or use quotation marks where appropriate.
  • The research proposed should be well-defined and realistic. Research proposals are assessed not only on the ambition or significance but also on how likely you'll finish what's started.
  • A proposal is more than just a list of research questions. It's persuasive writing, and you should approach it as such- make sure that your passion for the topic shines through to get readers' attention.
  • A great way to make sure your writing is clear, concise, and coherent? Keep it simple! Write in plain language with just the essentials.
  • Proofread and edit your work several times before you submit it. Ensure that the proposal does not contain any errors; this will help ensure an easy approval process for both parties involved!

The research proposal is a great way for students to demonstrate their understanding and creativity in the field. However, some lack strong writing skills, so they often turn towards paying services that offer help with these things.

Have you been looking for a service to provide high-quality research papers and proposals? Well, we at EssayHours.com are here to help! Our talented team writes assignments from scratch with no plagiarism or copy/paste jobs insight.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the most important part of a research proposal?

The abstract is an executive summary that aims to provide a strong overview. It is the most important part of the proposal and speaks for the entire proposal.

Why do we need a research proposal?

The research proposal is your opportunity to tell the audience about the project and how important it is. It also demonstrates your ability to conduct the research efficiently.

How far in advance should you plan a proposal?

A researcher should plan the proposal for nearly eight weeks before writing a research paper.

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