A Complete IEEE Citation Steps Guide With Examples

Written by

Mark Robert

7 mins read
ieee citation

Citation styles are extremely important when writing any form of academic paper. They not only show that you have done your research, but they also help to back up your points with evidence.

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) supports academic and research fields, including computer science, engineering, and information technology.

Do you have to include an IEEE citation in your research paper? What format do you use? How do you include it in the text of your document? These questions can be difficult to answer if you're not familiar with the IEEE citation style.

In this blog post, we will walk you through all of the steps necessary to properly cite an IEEE source. We will also provide some examples so that you can see how it is done in practice. So, let's get started!

What is IEEE Citation Format?

The IEEE citation style is a specialized form of formatting used for papers that have to do with technical subjects and computers. This type of writing has been popularized by students in these respective fields as well because it helps them label their work appropriately when referencing other sources or citations within the paper itself.

The institute, IEEE, helps create and manage many industries and fields standards. Their style guide has a well-defined and structured format for books, journals, papers, and websites. Besides manually making the references and bibliography in your paper citation, you can also use an online citation maker.

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Styles of IEEE Format Citation

The IEEE citation style can be used for any type of content, such as books and journals. However, the format does not include the author's name or date published in-text as other styles do.

IEEE citation is different from APA and MLA. The person's name and date of publication are not put in the text, but instead, there is a number in front of it. This number goes with the reference list at the end.

Let us discuss the types of IEEE format citation used. And see how to create such citations:

IEEE In-Text Citation

In an IEEE-style paper, it is not necessary that the student or writer add all of these details like author's name, publication date, and reference number in square brackets. Instead, we can use parenthesis for citable citations, which refer back to your complete bibliography at the end with a references list.

Following is the IEEE Citation Style Guideline for in-text citation:

  • Add the citation in the brackets in front of the relevant phrase or sentence. Add it before any punctuation, and make sure that you have added a space before the first bracket.
  • Always list the source and then give it a number. You can always say the number after that to talk about this later.
  • In case you are using multiple sources, name them separately and in their own brackets. For example: [1], [2], or [3] - [6].
  • When citing secondary sources, mention the original source. If you have read William’s work in Jason's book, then refer to the book name.

Example of IEEE In-Text Citation

“......This point is proven through research [4].”

“Hence provided after experimentation results have deviated as said in the hypothesis [6].”

“William [1] has provided evidence about this in his previous book..”

IEEE Citation Reference List Format

References will be listed at the end of your document. There should be one for every source you used, and it should start with the last letter of the author's last name. Then it should have a number that tells how many times they are referenced in your paper.

While writing the reference page, keep in account the following points:

  • The title of the list will be References. The list will be centered or aligned on the left side at the top of the page.
  • Each reference will be added with a hanging indent. The bracketed number will be flushed to the left side of the paper. This makes it easier for you to find the reference list in order (1,2,3).
  • The author's name is written in the first initial, last name style. For example, Henry john will be written as H. John
  • The main title of an article is written in quotation marks. The name or main title of the journal or book is added in italics.

Have a look at the following examples of citations from different sources:

IEEE Book Citation

For Printed Books [1] B. Klaus and P. Horn, Robot Vision. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1986.
For a Book Chapter [2] L. Stein, “Random patterns,” in Computers and You, J. S. Brake, Ed. New York: Wiley, 1994, pp. 55-70
For eBook [3] L. Bass, P. Clements, and R. Kazman, Software Architecture in Practice, 2nd ed. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley, 2003. [E-book] Available: Safari ebook.

IEEE Journal Citation

For Journal Article [4] J. U. Duncombe, "Infrared navigation - Part I: An assessment of feasibility," IEEE Trans. Electron. Devices, vol. ED-11, pp. 34-39, Jan. 1959.
For e-Journal from a Database [5] H. K. Edwards and V. Sridhar, "Analysis of software requirements engineering exercises in global virtual team setup," Journal of Global Information Management, vol. 13, no. 2, p. 21+, April-June 2005. [Online]. Available: Academic OneFile, http://find.galegroup.com. [Accessed May 31, 2005].
IEEE Citation for e-Journal [6] A. Altun, "Understanding hypertext in the context of reading on the web: Language learners' experience," Current Issues in Education, vol. 6, no. 12, July 2003. [Online]. Available: http://cie.ed.asu.edu/volume6/number12/. [Accessed Dec. 2, 2004].

IEEE Conference Citation

For Conference Proceeding [8] T. J. van Weert and R. K. Munro, Eds., Informatics and the Digital Society: Social, ethical and cognitive issues: IFIP TC3/WG3.1&3.2 Open Conference on Social, Ethical and Cognitive Issues of Informatics and ICT, July 22-26, 2002, Dortmund, Germany. Boston: Kluwer Academic, 2003.
For Conference Paper [7] L. Liu and H. Miao, "A specification-based approach to testing polymorphic attributes," in Formal Methods and Software Engineering: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Formal Engineering Methods, ICFEM 2004, Seattle, WA, USA, November 8-12, 2004, J. Davies, W. Schulte, M. Barnett, Eds. Berlin: Springer, 2004. pp. 306-19.

IEEE Citation for Website

Citations is important for academic papers. When citing an online source, it's essential to be mindful of how you cite your sources and what differentiates one citation from another so that readers know where their information came from without having trouble following along!

Here are some important citation rules to follow when citing a website or an online document:

  • The number of references, initial of your first and last names separated by "M.P." (or initials)
  • The main title is in italics with no quotation marks around it if not handwritten
  • Publisher's name followed by year-date accessed  [Online]
  • Online sources should include a hyperlink so that readers can easily access them without having trouble finding where they found this information.

Example of IEEE Citation for Website

[1] Emarketer.com, 'Social Networking Reaches Nearly One in Four Around the World', 2014. [Online]. Available:

http://www.emarketer.com/Article/Social-Networking-Reaches-Nearly-One-Four-Around-World/1009976. [Accessed: 23- Jun- 2014].

Example of IEEE Citation Website with No Author

“Engineering Triumph That Forged a Nation: Panama Canal Turns 100,” Aug. 15, 2014. Accessed on: Nov. 3, 2016. [Online]. Available: http://www. msnbc.msn.com/news/world/engineering-triumph-forged-nation-panama-canal-turns-100-n181211

The IEEE format style is different from any other citation and formatting. It has a unique structure, which can be hard for some people to follow. Our specialized team members will make sure you have everything in order!

Check out the document below to understand better:

IEEE Reference Guide

IEEE Reference Guide

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Other IEEE Citation Examples

IEEE Citation for Multiple Authors [8] J. D. Bellamy et al., Computer Telephony Integration, New York: Wiley, 2010.
IEEE Citation for Online Newspaper Article [9] J. Riley, "Call for a new look at skilled migrants," The Australian, p. 35, May 31, 2005. [Online]. Available: Factiva, http://global.factiva.com. [Accessed May 31, 2005].
Technical Report [10] J. H. Davis and J. R. Cogdell, “Calibration program for the 16-foot antenna,” Elect. Eng. Res. Lab., Univ. Texas, Austin, Tech. Memo. NGL-006-69-3, Nov. 15, 1987.
Patent Citation [11] J. P. Wilkinson, “Nonlinear resonant circuit devices,” U.S. Patent 3 624 125, July 16, 1990.
Standard IEEE Citation [12] IEEE Criteria for Class IE Electric Systems, IEEE Standard 308, 1969.
Thesis or Dissertation [1] J. O. Williams, “Narrow-band analyzer,” Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. Elect. Eng., Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, 1993.
Video Citation

[1]Title. City: Publisher, Year Published.

[1]She's the man. Andy Fickman, 2006

Image Citation

[1]Author Initial. Author Surname, Title. Year Published.

[1]Aurora Australis from Space. 2014.

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IEEE Citation Generators Free Online? Worth it or Not?

Citations are an important part of any research paper. Citation generators can help you generate citations for different formats, but not many students know the risks involved in blindly using one without checking all details first!

Make sure to check your generated references with a peer before adding them to your IEEE work so that everyone gets credit where it’s due.

For those of you who are wondering if checking the format is necessary for an online citation maker, then here's why it should be. References that have been created from such websites often go unnoticed by students. This could result in them getting graded incorrectly because their sources were not cited correctly. Thus making sure everything looks right will avoid any future trouble!

Frequently Asked Questions

Is the IEEE citation the same as Harvard?

The Harvard style of referencing includes the author's name and date in parentheses within your work. A list with more information on sources goes at the back of your writing.

The IEEE style uses numbers to reference authors when they are mentioned in your paper. If you have already mentioned the name of the author in the text, you do not need to add it in parentheses.

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