A Detailed Writing Guide on Cause and Effect Essay

Written by

Rylee Willow

8 mins read
cause and effect essay

The cause and effect essay is a very common assignment in school, but it doesn't have to be hard. You can breathe easy when you know how simple this essay really is!

In fact, most teachers will give straightforward instructions on what they want from your essay, which makes the writing process much simpler than other types of assignments.

The only tricky part about this kind of essay is figuring out why exactly things happened (a "cause") and its effects.

If you are looking for a way to show your creativity, then the cause and effect essays might be just what you need! In this blog post, we will provide an in-depth guide on how they're written and provide some examples. So if writing one sounds difficult - keep reading this blog post.

Cause and Effect Essay Definition

The cause and effect essay is a great way to show how one thing affects another. It is a type of essay that illustrates the causes behind one issue, then discusses its consequences.

Cause and effect essays are a type of writing that requires the student to examine deeper into an issue, identify its results (causes), then describe these effects on other aspects in order for them not only to explain their own point but also to convince readers why this particular decision would be best.

The main purpose of writing the cause and effect essay is to:

  • Examine the reasons for and the outcomes of situations.
  • Help the reader to understand the specific issue.

Further, in a good cause and effect essay, it is important to make your claims clear so that the reader can understand them.

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Cause and Effect Essay Outline

The cause and effect essay outline includes the three main parts such as introductory, body, and concluding paragraphs. However, it may vary depending on your topic or your teacher’s requirements.

For your help, here is a basic outline sample that you can use for your essay.

  • Hook statement
  • Basic information about the topic
  • Thesis statement
Body Paragraphs 1
  • Topic sentence
  • Cause 1/ effect 1
Body Paragraphs 2
  • Topic sentence
  • Cause 2/ effect 2
Body Paragraphs 3
  • Topic sentence
  • Cause 3/ effect 3
  • Restating the thesis statement
  • Main points
  • Call to action

Cause and Effect Essay Introduction

The introductory paragraph sets up the foundation of the whole essay. It needs to be short but cover some background information about the topic. Start the essay with an interesting hook statement that will capture the reader’s attention. Also, state the thesis statement at the end of the introduction paragraph.

Cause and Effect Essay Body Paragraphs

In the main body paragraphs, you must give more than one reason for the problem. It shows your teacher that you have looked at the problem from different angles.

You may choose one reason as the most important and discuss it first. Then, you can describe the secondary causes. Remember that each paragraph should be focused on one particular idea. That means each distinct cause should have its own paragraph.

Cause and Effect Essay Conclusion

The essay conclusion is the last section of an essay. In this section, you should restate the thesis statement and mention the main points. However, do not include new information or ideas that confuse the readers.

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How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay?

To make your cause and effect essay stand out, it's important to follow the below-mentioned steps.

  1. 1. Brainstorm Topic Ideas

    To come up with a good cause and effect topic, you need to observe what's happening in the world and imagine possible causes for it. Consider natural phenomena like weather patterns or social movements that could be influencing changes on an individual level. You might also want to explore ideas by writing about them from different perspectives.

    You can also look at ideas that have been developed through history and their connection to characters' lives as well.

  2. 2. Choose your Topic

    Now, it’s time to choose a good essay topic. First, the best topic is something that interests or links with your personal experiences and emotions because this will make writing easier on yourself than if there were other options like analyzing an event from decades ago.

    Choosing a topic wisely is important because if your instructor gives you one, it will be easier. But when left on your own, you've got the trickiest job of all. You need logic and connections in order for this essay not only to look good but also to make sense as well. Thus, try to pick a good and relevant essay topic.

  3. 3.Conduct Research

    Researching a topic is vital to writing an informative essay. Credible sources will help you get the information that properly qualifies as evidence for your claims, and insights from experts on this particular subject matter can really give an idea about what others think about the specific issue.

    When it comes time to write your essay, make sure you include information from credible sources. More research done on the topic leads to a better-quality written work that will be persuasive and informative for readers.

  4. 4. Craft Thesis Statement

    When writing your thesis statement, you should consider the type of relationship that will be shown. You can focus on one cause and effect relationship or explore how one event causes multiple effects.

  5. 5.Cause and Effect Essay Outline

    The cause and effect essay is a great way to explore how one thing happens as another. The outline varies depending on the instructions you get from your teacher, but in general, they want a five-paragraph essay with an introduction paragraph followed by three supporting body paragraphs and a conclusion.

  6. 6. Start Writing

    In order to write a strong essay, make an argument about how one person or thing affects another. Support your argument with clear topic sentences and transition words between paragraphs. This will make each paragraph easy to understand.

    Lastly, conclude the essay like other types of essays. It includes a restated thesis statement that reminds readers of the writer's main point. Then, it provides suggestions and opinions at the conclusion with CTAs for them if they are interested in learning more.

  7. 7. Proofreading

    After you finish writing your cause and effect essay, proofread it twice to make sure there are no mistakes. Check for things like spelling mistakes or grammar usage. One mistake could ruin your whole essay. Make any needed edits before submitting this assignment so you can get the best grade from your teacher.

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Cause and Effect Essay Topics

The following are some excellent cause and effect topics for an outstanding essay.

Education Topics

  • Explain a book or case studies that affected your life.
  • Why do many children need to learn to write an expository essay?
  • What is causing college students to feel greater anxiety?
  • The effects of school uniforms on students
  • Effect of online schooling
  • Balanced scheduling in educational institutions
  • Why do students prefer online classes?
  • Cause and effect of education on kids
  • Cause of students who fail exams
  • Negative and positive effects of students who are not good at essay writing

Social Media Topics

  • How has technology helped those people who are addicted to social media?
  • Effects of confidence in improving social life.
  • What are the impacts of long-term relationships?
  • How do cell phones affect students' brains?
  • Why does social media make people lonely?
  • What are the benefits of social media?
  • How does social media influence kids?
  • How does social media improve your life?
  • Why do people use social media?
  • The role of social media plays in education

History Topics

  • The causes and effects of World War II
  • When do firms use single or multiple sources of capital?
  • What are the reasons that some people become essay writers in the United States?
  • What causes illegal immigration?
  • Causes of war in Iraq
  • How did the war affect Denmark?
  • Reasons and outcomes of civil war
  • Effects of globalization
  • Destruction of the world trade center
  • What are the causes and effects of world history?

Politics Topics

  • Making a mess is an indicator of a bad government
  • Causes of democracy rise in Canada
  • Why do people vote against their country?
  • Political drawbacks of war in China
  • Cause and effect of politics in the education department
  • Why does a government play a main role in the economy?
  • Causes of a good leader in the country
  • Effect of bad leaders
  • How does a good government affect the poor people?
  • Presence of politics

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Cause and Effect Essay Examples

The following is a list of good cause and effect essay examples to refer to when writing your own essay. These will help with both structures as well as content since professional writers wrote them.

Cause and Effect Essay Structure PDF

Cause and Effect Essay Structure

Cause and Effect Essay Format PDF

Cause and Effect Essay Format

Cause and Effect Essay on Smoking PDF

Cause and Effect Essay on Smoking

Cause and Effect Essay IELTS PDF

Cause and Effect Essay IELTS

If you want to get a good score on your essay, it is important to learn the basics of writing. With the help of this guide, you will easily write a great essay in no time. However, this type of essay requires strong analytical skills.

Many students face difficulties when they have to write essays because they have a lot of assignments to do. So they can't spend a lot of time on one assignment and end up providing poor-quality work.

If you are in a similar situation and can't meet the deadlines, get professional assistance from EssayHours.com. We are the best essay writing service that assists students from all over the world.

So, contact us now and get the best academic writing help at affordable rates.


How many paragraphs should a cause and effect essay have?

The cause and effect essay should have 2-3 paragraphs where you discuss the causes and effects, causes and solutions, or effects and solutions.

What are the three kinds of a cause and effect essay?

The three kinds of a cause and effect essay are:

  • One cause, many effects
  • Many causes, one effect
  • Chain of causes and effects

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