ASA Format - Complete Guide for Beginner Researchers

Written by

Mark Robert

7 mins read
asa format

Have you ever been asked to submit a paper in ASA format and wondered what that was? Well, wonder no more!

When it comes to academic writing, there are various formats that you need to be familiar with. They include the Chicago Style published by the University of Chicago Press, APA Style published by the American Psychological Association, MLA Style published by the Modern Language Association, and such.

Another such format is ASA. This document style is commonly used in social science papers and research proposals. So, learning how to use it correctly can give you a big advantage in your studies.

In this blog post, we will explain in detail what ASA format is and give examples of papers written in ASA format. So whether you are a seasoned pro or just getting started, read on to know all about ASA formatting.

What is ASA Format?

The ASA citation format is one of the main citation styles and is introduced and managed by the American Sociological Association. They update it regularly. This citation style has its own citation, paper format, footnotes, references, and bibliography. It is especially used by students and researchers in the field of Sociology.

The writing style is used for research papers in the sociological field. It includes complete and thorough guidance for students who are studying and researching in this field. The citation guidance includes directions about formatting your paper, the paper content, header, references, footnotes, and other rules.

Using the ASA format correctly is essential for the credibility of your work. If you use the format incorrectly, it could damage your credibility and prevent you from getting ahead in your career.

Making sure to cite your sources correctly in ASA format will help you avoid any mistakes. Hence, this blog will give you a complete guide on how to write your paper perfectly in ASA format.

Other citation styles include;

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ASA Manuscript Formatting

Format your manuscript to ensure the following elements when writing in ASA format:

ASA Format Title Page

In ASA format, your paper has a separate title page. The ASA title page format includes the following:

  • The title of the research paper.
  • Authors' names and affiliated institutions. List them in a vertical manner if there is more than one.
  • The total word count of the document.
  • A running head with the shortened title name.
  • A title footnote that includes the author’s address, and additional credits and acknowledgments.
  • An asterisk by the title which refers to the title footnote at the bottom of the page.

ASA Format Abstract

Put your abstract on a separate page after the title page. The title of your document should be the heading.

The abstract should be one paragraph, 150-200 words long. It should summarize your research in easy-to-understand language. There is no need to mention the author(s) in your abstract.

ASA Text Format

For ASA writing format, make sure to follow the guidelines below:

  • Use the Arial font
  • Text size should be 12 points
  • Text should be double-spaced unless instructed otherwise by your supervisor

ASA Format Page Numbering

All pages in the manuscript should be numbered consecutively. Start with the title page and include all reference pages as well.

ASA Format Margins

Margins should be at least 1 1/4 inches on all sides, including the top and bottom. A margin this wide will still provide more than enough space for your text so it won't look cramped.

ASA Format Headings and Sub-Headings

The ASA paper format is divided into headings and subheadings.

In the ASA heading format, the first heading comes in all capital letters. While the second subheadings are labeled in italics font and title case. The third subheadings, if any, have only the first letter capitalized and are italicized as well.

Headings and subheadings are not to be used with a bold font. All the headings are left-justified.

For example,


Second Level Heading

Third level heading.

ASA Format Footnotes and Endnotes

Endnotes and footnotes are used to cite material that is not entirely available or to put additional information relating to the text. They're numbered in Arabic numerals so you can refer back easily while writing.

Add information to be presented in footnotes at the bottom of the same page of the referenced text. Use endnotes at the end of the paper after the reference list but make sure to number them properly.

ASA Format Tables and Figures

Include all tables and figures on a separate appendix page. Mark all tables and figures with consecutive numbers. Be sure to number each table and figure on its own page or section of the paper so it's easy to reference back to it.

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How to Cite in ASA Format?

A citation is a way to let your readers know where the information in your work came from. Citations also tell your readers where they can find more information about that source.

When it comes to citing references in the text or at the end of your paper in your reference list, follow the rules below.

ASA Reference Format

The ASA format requires that all sources or references be listed at the end of the paper. This is in a separate section called "References."

These are some rules you should follow for references:

  • References are listed in alphabetical order.
  • Start with the last name of the author.
  • Use double spacing.
  • Use title case.
  • The titles of books and periodicals are italicized, while the titles of articles or chapters are in quotation marks.
  • Don’t use “et al” if the work was not authored by a committee.

Following are the different citation formats for different reference sources:

Sources Citation Format
Books with 1 Author Last, First Name of Author. Publication Year. Name of the Book. Location of Publisher. Name of City, State Abbreviation/Publisher’s Country Name, State and Province Postal Code: Publisher’s Name.
Books with Multiple Authors Last, First Name of Author, Author’s First Last Name and Author's First Last Name. Year. Name of the Book. Name of the City, State Abb./Publisher's Country Name: Publisher's Name.
Chapter in a Book Last, First Name of Author. Year. "Chapter Title." Pp. page numbers in Book Title, edited by First. Middle Name Initial. Last Name. City, State Abbreviation/Publisher Country: Name of Publisher.
Books with Multiple Volumes Author's Last Name, First Name. Publication Year. Series Name. Vol. Number, Volume Title. City, State Abb./Publisher Country: Name of Publisher.
Scholarly Journal/Articles Last Name of the Author, First Name. Year. "Title." Journal Title Volume #(issue number): page numbers.
Newspaper/Magazine Articles Last, First Name of Author. Year. "Magazine/Newspaper Title." Name of Magazine/Newspaper, Month Year of Publication, pp. page numbers.
Unpublished Documents Last, First Name of Author. Year. Title of Presentation. Location where the article was presented or is available or is accepted.
E-Books Last. First Name of Author. Year. Title of the Book. City Name, the Name of the State Abbreviation/Publisher Country: Name of Publisher. Date (URL).
Websites Corporate Author's Last, First Name. Publication Date. "Site Title." Retrieved Date (URL).

ASA Format In-Text Citation

When you are adding someone's idea into your own paper, you need to add their name and the year the idea was published.

This information goes in parentheses at the end of your sentence.

For example,

“(Hooper 2016)” for a single author.

“(Smith, Barnes and Hooper 2016)” for multiple authors.

If you have already mentioned the author's name in your sentence, then you don't need to put it again in parentheses. When quoting the words of an author directly, use page numbers in your citation. The quoted text is included in between quotation marks.

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ASA Format Example

Here are some examples for your guidance. Check them out to understand how to use the ASA format in your paper and citations.

ASA Format Paper Example

ASA Format Paper Example

ASA Format Citation Example

ASA Format Citation Example

ASA format or the American Sociological Association’s style of manuscript formatting, is a specific way to cite and present research. If you are writing a paper for a sociology class, it is important to follow the ASA guidelines. This guide has walked you through the basics of ASA formatting, from formatting your paper to citing sources.

However, so many students today are using an online ASA format citation generator. It's easy to become complacent about the quality of your work with them. When you use them, make sure that they are accurate enough.

However, instead of using an ASA format generator, it will be more helpful to hire a professional essay writing service, like You can contact us anytime for assistance with your academic writing. Our team of experts can help you put together a perfect ASA formatted paper.

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